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Summary of COVID-19 Relief Packages

Below are brief summaries of what Congress and the Administration have done to combat COVID-19 thus far.

Phase 1

H.R. 6074 - Coronavirus Preparedness and Response Supplemental Appropriations Act, 2020

On March 4, 2020, Congress passed a supplemental appropriations package that provided funding for state and local efforts
taken to respond to the Coronavirus (COVID-19), approximately $7.8 billion.

What provisions were included within this measure?

  • Provided funds to expand the number of diagnostic tests available, vaccine research and production, and procedures to
    prevent drug and medical supply shortages
  • Allocated funds to purchase tests, vaccines, and therapies for those who could not otherwise afford them
  • $2.2 billion provided to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) for:
    • Assisting state and local response efforts
    • The CDC’s Infectious Diseases Rapid Response Reserve Fund
  • Provided funds to the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID) to respond to domestic and international cases of COVID-19

Phase 2

H.R. 6201 - The Families First Coronavirus Response Act

On March 14, 2020, Congress passed a bipartisan, bicameral COVID-19 emergency supplemental appropriations bill totaling approximately $3.5 billion.

What provisions were included within this measure?

  • Included requirements and resources for small businesses, including temporary federal coverage of sick and family leave and tax credits to reimburse employers
  • Provided funding for emergency unemployment insurance provisions, increasing the ability of states to process applications and payments
  • Ensured that insurance plans would fully cover COVID-19 testing
  • Allocated funds for food programs for school-aged and other vulnerable populations, ensuring important services and pre-packaged meals are available to those in need

Phase 3

H.R. 748 - Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security (CARES) Act

On March 27, 2020, Congress passed a $2.2 trillion stimulus package to provide important relief to Americans during this unprecedented crisis.

What provisions were included within this measure?

  • Provided direct $1,200 non-taxable payments to individuals and expands unemployment benefits
  • Provided protections for those living in federally backed properties to protect homeowners and renters from foreclosure and eviction
  • Provided financial relief to students by suspending their federal student loan repayment requirements and eliminating the interest rate for 6 months
  • Provided loans to small businesses (those with fewer than 500 employees) that may be forgiven if workers are kept on the payroll
  • Provided loans and loan guarantees for larger businesses and key industries
  • Increased access to healthcare for individuals by expanding telehealth services, streamlining regulations for testing, increasing Medicare payments for providers, and adding funding for research and personal protective equipment
  • Included additional funding for hospitals, states, cities, local responders, and the Departments of Defense (DOD) and Veterans Affairs (VA) to protect the health of servicemembers, veterans, and service-connected contractors

Phase 3.5

H.R. 266 - Paycheck Protection Program and Health Care Enhancement Act, as amended

On April 23, 2020, Congress passed a $484 billion COVID-19 relief package to replenish critical funds for small businesses and hospitals.

What provisions were included within this measure?

  • $321 billion increase to the Paycheck Protection Program (PPP)
  • $10 billion increase to Economic Injury Disaster Loans (EIDL)
  • $50 billion increase to the Disaster Loan Program Account
  • $100 billion increase to the Public Health and Social Services Emergency Fund for hospitals and health care providers
    • $25 billion designated to explicitly research, develop, and manufacture COVID-19 tests to increase capacity